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How well do you know your phrasal verbs with put?

There are many phrasal verbs with put. Today we will focus on 9.

Phrasal verb-meaning

Put out-to extinguish a cigarette or a fire

Put through-to do something that causes someone else emotional pain

Put on-to wear clothing, to change clothing, to wear jewelry or other accessories.

Put away-to put something where it belongs

Put up-To put something where it belongs -or-to put something on the wall, such as a poster or a picture frame.

Put down-you have something in your hands and you put it on the table or the floor -or- to say something mean to someone to make them feel badly about themselves.

Put off-to delay doing something, to procrastinate

Put across-convey information, to tell someone information

Put together-something is in pieces and you arrange the pieces to make it whole

Want to do some flashcards to review phrasal verbs with put? Click here to go to my quizlet page!

Then come back and take the quiz!

Phrasal verbs with put

Choose the correct preposition to go with the sentences with put that make the most sense.

Be sure to subscribe to my youtube channel for even more English lessons. 4minuteswithkristy

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Reading comprehension #1 with quiz

Here’s the actual news story. bonus iconRemember! News ALWAYS has an S! The word is news, not new.

  • I heard some news today.
  • I saw a news story today about ants.
  • Did you watch the news??
  • I heard some bad/good news today.


Troubled By Flint Water Crisis, 11-Year-Old Girl Invents Lead-Detecting Device

October 20, 2017 3:35 PM ET

When the drinking water in Flint, Mich., became contaminated with lead, causing a major public health crisis, 11-year-old Gitanjali Rao took notice.

“I had been following the Flint, Michigan, issue for about two years,” the seventh-grader told ABC News. “I was appalled by the number of people affected by lead contamination in water.”

Fighting Steep Odds, Flint Starts To See Bright Spots

She saw her parents testing the water in their own home in Lone Tree, Colo., and was unimpressed by the options, which can be slow, unreliable or both.

“I went, ‘Well, this is not a reliable process and I’ve got to do something to change this,’ ” the seventh-grader toldBusiness Insider.

Rao tells ABC that while she was doing her weekly perusal of MIT’s Materials Science and Engineering website to see “if there’s anything’s new,” she read about new technologies that could detect hazardous substances and decided to see whether they could be adapted to test for lead.

The Discovery Education 3M Young Scientist Challenge YouTube

She pressed local high schools and universities to give her lab time, and then hunkered down in the “science room” — outfitted with a big white table — that she persuaded her engineer parents to create in their home.

And she set about devising a more efficient solution: a device that could identify lead compounds in water, and was portable and relatively inexpensive.

If You See Dirty Water, Don't Just Gripe. Talk To The Cloud!

As she explains at lightning speed in her video submissionfor the Discovery Education 3M Young Scientist Challenge, her device consists of three parts. There’s a disposable cartridge containing chemically treated carbon nanotube arrays, an Arduino-based signal processor with a Bluetooth attachment, and a smartphone app that can display the results.

Here’s how it works.

The carbon nanotubes in the cartridge are sensitive to changes in the flow of electrons. Those tubes are lined with atoms that have an affinity to lead, which adds a measurable resistance to the electron flow.

When the cartridge is dipped in water that is clean, the electron flow doesn’t change and the smartphone app shows that water is safe to drink. But when the cartridge is dipped in contaminated water, the lead in the water reacts to the atoms, causing resistance in the electron flow that is measured by the Arduino processor. The app then shows that the water isn’t safe to drink.

Rao dubbed the device Tethys, for the Greek goddess of fresh water.

“Clean water always tastes good,” she says at the end of her video. “The tool allows easy testing at home or by agencies for quick detection and remedial actions. It can be expanded in the future to test for other chemical contaminants in potable water. I hope this helps in a small way to detect and prevent long-term health effects of lead contamination for many of us.”

Rao developing her device in the “science room” at home in Lone Tree, Colo.

Bharathi Rao

Her solution was so ingenious that this week, Rao was named “America’s Top Young Scientist” in the Discovery Education 3M Young Scientist Challenge — a distinction that comes with a giant check for $25,000.

For the past three months, Rao and nine other finalists in the competition had been paired with scientists at 3M, who helped them work from a theoretical concept to a physical prototype. Rao was matched with Kathleen Shafer, a research specialist who develops new plastics technologies.

Rao plans to save some of the prize money for college but use the rest to invest in her device to make it commercially viable.

“It’s not hyperbole to say she really blew us out of the water,” Brian Barnhart, a school superintendent in Illinois and one of the judges, told ABC. “The other nine kids, they were also such amazing kids, so for her to stand out the way she did with a peer group like this is like an exclamation point on top of it.”

Childhood Exposure To Lead Can Blunt IQ For Decades, Study Suggests

Childhood Exposure To Lead Can Blunt IQ For Decades, Study Suggests

Rao says that when she grows up, she’d like to be a geneticist or epidemiologist. Her lead detection device allowed her to combine both interests, as contaminated water can cause both rashes and birth defects.

“I studied a little bit of both of these topics since I was really interested in these fields,” she told Business Insider, “and then I came up with this device to help save lives.”


Take the quiz here!

Reading comprehension #1

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What is the difference between I and me?

Both are first person singular pronouns. We use these to refer to ourselves.

I is a subject pronoun which means it’s used with a verb.

  • I am studying English. I + verb
  • I sleep 6 hours a night. I + verb
  • I go to the gym 3 times a week. I + verb
  • My friend and me  My friend and I 

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Me is an object pronoun which receives the action of the verb or “gets verbed” (that is totally made English up to help you understand better)

  • She asked me.  Someone verb + me
  • They told me.   Someone verb + me
  • You helped me.  Someone verb + me
  • My friend and me  My friend and I 


***It can also be an object of a preposition (such as with or to).

  • My brother finished reading his book so he gave it to me.
  • My friend went to the movies with me.

Want to take a quiz?

I and me




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Verbs followed by infinitives part 1

You might have read my post on verbs followed by gerunds. If you haven’t and you’d like to, go here.

So, in this post we will focus on verbs only followed by infinitives.

  1. Agree + infinitive
    • Kevin agreed to help me.
    • We agreed to bring a cake to the party.
  2. Appear + infinitive
    • His health appeared to be better.
    • Artie appeared to be drunk.
  3. Arrange + infinitive
    • Jackson arranged to stay with his cousin in Miami.
    • They arranged to bring a friend to the airport.
  4. Claim + infinitive
    • She claimed to be a princess.
    • They claimed to be older than they were.

Ready to take a quiz? This quiz covers this post and the gerund post part 1. (the link is above if you’d like to review!)

Verb followed by gerund of infinitive?

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Comparatives: taller than, shorter than,etc

When we are using comparatives, we always say bigger than, smaller than. The word than makes the comparison and is required in the sentence.

Artie is bigger than Ashtyn.   Ashtyn is smaller than Artie.


Kristy is older than Kaitlyn. Kaitlyn is younger than Kristy.

Kristy is bigger than Kaitlyn. Kaitlyn is smaller than Kristy.


getting pumpkins from the farm

Kaitlyn is shorter than Kevin. Kevin is taller than Kaitlyn.


The giraffe has a longer neck than the turtle.  The turtle has a shorter neck than the giraffe.

The giraffe has longer legs than the turtle. The turtle has shorter legs than the giraffe.

The brown house is (much) larger than the yellow house. The yellow house is (much) smaller than the brown house.

The brown house has (many) more windows than the yellow house.

The elephant is heavier than the dog. The dog is lighter than the elephant.

The elephant weighs more than the dog. The dog weighs less than the elephant.

giraffe tall as the tree

The giraffe is as tall as the tree. The tree and the giraffe are (almost) the same height.

Think you know comparatives?

Take this quiz!





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